Comenius Journal

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COMENIUS – VOL. 3 NUMBER 2 - 2016
COMENIUS – VOL. 3 NUMBER 1 - 2016

COMENIUS – VOL. 2 NUMBER 1 - 2015
COMENIUS – VOL. 2 NUMBER 2 - 2015

COMENIUS – VOL. 1 NUMBER 1 - 2014
COMENIUS – VOL. 1 NUMBER 2 - 2014

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Vol. 3 Number 2

I. EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION

II. CENTRAL EUROPE BETWEEN EAST AND WEST
The Camphill Movement in the United States and Czech Republic by Šárka Klímová 173
Efforts to place Soviet Troops in Czechoslovakia until the Beginning of 1968 by Martin Čížek 185
The Struggle for Czechoslovak Literature in Exile, 1971–1994 by Francis D. Raška 201
The Hamlet of Central Europe: Czechs Between East and West by Igor Lukeš 215

III. EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES
Education and Politics: The Standpoint of the Czech Deputy Prime Minister by Pavel Bělobrádek 225
Understanding US Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century: The Insights of John Amos Comenius by John Barron Boyd, Jr. 227
The State of Higher Education in the United States by Bryon Lee Grigsby 241
American High School Systems according to the Views of Czech Pedagogues, Part II – Personal Experience by Ilona Moravcová (Ďatko) 251

IV. BOOK REVIEWS
Franz SCHÖN and Dietrich SCHOLZE (eds.), Sorbisches Kulturlexikon by Jaroslav Pánek 271
Roman ZAORAL (ed.), Money and Finance in Central Europe during the Later Middle Ages (Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance) by Petr Vorel 274
Petr VOREL, From the Silver Czech Tolar to a Worldwide Dollar (The Birth of the Dollar and its Journey of Monetary Circulation in Europe and the World from the 16th to the 20th Century) by Ladislav Nekvapil 279
Alberto TRONCHIN, Spravedlivý riskuje. Karel Weirich, český novinář a zachránce Židů v Itálii, [The Just Takes Risks: Karel Weirich, Czech journalist and rescuer of Jews in Italy] by Jaroslav Pánek 281
Jiří HOPPE, Markéta ŠKODOVÁ, Jiří SUK, and Francesco CACCAMO, „O nový československý model socialismu.“ Čtyři interdisciplinární vědecké týmy při ČSAV a UK v 60. letech [“Striving for a New Czechoslovak Model of Socialism.” Four Interdisciplinary Scientific Teams of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences and the Charles University in the 1960s] by Francis D. Raška 284
Karel BARTOŠEK, Z papírků (1973–74) [From Slips of Paper (1973–74)] by Francis D. Raška 288
“King Jagiello”: The Monument to the Polish King in New York´s Central Park by Marceli Kosman (Appendix: Illustrations) 290


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Vol. 3 Number 1

I. EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION

II. CULTURE AND POLITICS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Jan Patočka, Milan Kundera, and Václav Havel: Effect of the Prague Spring by Zdeněk V. David 9
Emigration as an “Added Value”: The Example of the Work of Jan Novák and of Miloš Forman by Joanna Czaplińska 27
American High School Systems in the Views of Czech Pedagogues by Ilona Moravcová (Ďatko) 35
Culture and Education at the Refugee Camp Valka (1949–1950) by Sylva Šimsová 55
The Humanities in Exile by Vladimír Papoušek 67

III. TRANSATLANTIC TIES
“King Jagiello”:The Monument to the Polish King in New York’s Central Park by Marceli Kosman 77
The American Dream in “Czech” Chicago: August Geringer’s Publishing Activities by Lenka Procházková – Jaroslav Kříž 81
Václav Hlavatý – World-Famous Czechoslovak Mathematician and the First President of SVU by Martin Nekola 97
Major General Oldřich Španiel: The Unofficial Czechoslovak Military Attaché in the United States (1939–1941) by Tomáš Jiránek 109

IV. CHEMISTRY AND THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD
Challenges in Amorphous Chalcogenide Materials Research by Jiří Málek 125
Nucleotide Analogues as Life-Saving Drugs by Marcela Krečmerová 135

V. BOOK REVIEWS
Ulrich BECK, Das deutsche Europa. Neue Machtlandschaften im Zeichen der Krise [German Europe: New Regions of Power marked by the Crisis] by Jaroslav Pánek 145
Alain BADIOU and Marcel GAUCHET, What is to be done? A Dialogue on Communism, Capitalism, and the Future of Democracy by Francis D. Raška 151
Aleš NOVÁČEK, Dualita Evropy: historickogeografická analýza [The Duality of Europe: A Historico-Geographical Analysis] by Jaroslav Pánek 156
Jan CEBE, Spolkový život českých novinářů v letech 1945-1948, [The Associational Life of Czech Journalists (1945-1948)] by Francis D. Raška 158


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Vol. 2 Number 1

I. EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION

II. 20TH AND 21ST CENTURY HISTORY
Mirror of Life under Communism: Jan Patočka's Interpretation of Czech History by Zdeněk V. David 9
At Home among Strangers: The Extraordinary Year 1950 in the Life of an Ordinary American Family in Communist Czechoslovakia by Kathleen Geaney. 25
Trusting Nothing except Power, Gustáv Husák (1913-1991): An Attempt at a Political Psychological Profile by Josette Baer 43
Male Suicides in Europe and Political Systems by Vládo Simko and Emil Ginter. 53

III. TRANSATLANTIC TIES
Czech Printed Immigrant Press in the United States of America by Alena Jaklová 63
A Case-Study regarding the Anthology of Czech Translations of Contemporary American Poetry Child on Top ofa Greenhouse by Josef Jařáb 71
How the Light got in (and out): Some Thoughts on the Great Czech Cold-War Cultural Renaissance and its Reception in the West by Paul Wilson 77
Václav Havel, His Life and his Legacy in the United States by Martin Palouš 83

IV. COMENIUS AND THE VISUAL ARTS
John Amos Comenius in Czech and Global Visual Art by Markéta Pánková 95
The Opening of the Permanent Exposition “The Cabinet of Coins and Medals of Zdeněk Kolářský” at the Chateau Pardubice in 2015 by Petr Vorel.

V. BOOK REVIEWS
Niall Ferguson, Civilization: The West and the Rest by Jaroslav Pánek 127
Markéta Devátá, Marxismus jako projekt nové společnosti [Marxism as a Pro- ject of the New Society] by Francis D. Raška 133
Josette Baer, A Life Dedicated to the Republic: Vávro Šrobáťs Slovák Czechoslovakism by Zdeněk V. David 135
Eva Semotanová and Jiří Cajthaml, et al, Akademický atlas českých dějin [Academie Atlas of Czech History] by Francis D. Raška 137


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Vol. 2 Number 2

I. EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION

II. TRADITIONS OF THE CZECH AND EUROPEAN REFORMATION
Perennial Hus:
Views from the Protestant Reformation to the Enlightenment by Zdeněk V. David 151
The Importance of the Bohemian Reformation for the Political Culture of Central Europe from the 15th to the 17th Century by Petr Vorel 171
The Bohemian Reformation and the Metamorphoses of Czech Culture by Jaroslav Pánek 181
On the Heritage of Comenius in the U.S.A. by Karel Rýdl 195

III. COMENIUS AND THE VISUAL ARTS
John Amos Comenius in Czech and Global  Visual Art by Markéta Pánková 219

IV. EURO AMERICAN CULTURAL RELATIONS
Henryk Sienkiewicz - Artist, Polish Patriot, and Citizen of the World by Marceli Kosman 245

V. BOOK RE VIEWS
Stefan Fisch, Geschichte der Europdischen Universitát. Von Bologna nach Bologna [The History of the European University: From Bologna to Bologna] by Jiří Pešek 265
Jaroslav Mrázek, Svět očima Samuela P. Huntingtona. Pohled z historickosociologické perspektivy [The World through the Eyes of Samuel P. Huntington: A View from a Historio-Sociological Perspective] by Jaroslav Pánek 270
Tomáš Jiránek, Šéf štábu Obrany národa. Neklidný život divizního generála Čeňka Kudláčka [Head of the National Defense Corps - The Restless Life of Division General Čeněk Kudláček] by Václav Veber 274
Jan Mervart, Kultura v karanténě. Umělecké svazy a jejich konsolidace za rané normalizace [Culture in Quarantine: Artists Unions and their Consolidation in the Early Normalization Era] by Francis D. Raška 276
Karol Modzelewski, Zaženem dějin klisny. Vyznání potlučeného jezdce [Riding the Maře of History into the Ground: Confessions of a Bruised Rider] by Francis D. Raška 279


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Inaugural Issue
Vol. 1 Number 1

I.  Editor’s Introduction 5

II. The World of Comenius
John Amos Comenius: The 17th Century Bohemian Humanist and His Legacy to Mankind by Jaroslav Pánek 9
The Depiction of J.A. Komenský on Czechoslovak and Czech Legal Tender in the Twentieth Century by Petr Vorel 43
Parallel Landscapes: Bohemia and Moravia in the Age of Comenius by Eva Semotanová 53

III. Views on the Evaluation of Scholarship
The Financing and Evaluation of R&D in the Czech Republic by Jiří Málek 71
Outcomes (or Performance) of the Research Sector in the Czech Republic by Slavoj Czesaný 85
Organization and Funding by Research Councils in the UK by Juraj Iványi 97
Research: Contributions, Cost, and Evaluation by John M. Lehman and Michael B. Prystowsky 101

IV.  Book Reviews
Martin Kovář-Miroslav Bárta a kolektiv, Civilizace a dějiny. Historie světa pohledem dvaceti českých vědců (Civilization and History: A History of the World from the Perspective of Twenty Czech Scholars) by Francis D. Raška 115
Markéta Křížová, Otroctví v Novém světě od 15. do 19. století (Slavery in the New World from the Fifteenth to the Nineteenth Centuries) by Jaroslav Pánek 116
Jiří Pešek-Lucie Filipová a kolektiv, Věda a politika-Německé společenskovědní ústavy v zahraniči (Science and Politics: German Social Science Institutes Abroad) by Petr Vorel 122


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Vol. 1 Number 2

I.  Editor’s Introduction 131

II. EPISODES IN 20TH-CENTURY HISTORY
Appeal and Challenge: Masaryk’s Problem with Plato, Comte, and Herder  by Zdeněk V. David  135
Andrej Hlinka - A Psychopath? On Clericalism, Politics,and Psychology in Slovakia by Josette Baer  163
Underground Evangelism during the Cold War: The Case of Reverend David Gordon Hathaway  by Francis D. Raška  175
Psychological, Cultural, Historical, and Spiritual Aspects of Exile by Bronislava Volková 199

III. THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF MALIGNANT TUMORS IN FEMALES
Introduction to the Most Frequent Malignancies in Females by Karel F. Raška  213
News in Breast Cancer Incidence, Diagnostics, and Treatment  by Petra Tesařová 215
The Saint Peter’s Univ. Hospital Breast Center: What have We learned in Twenty-Three Years as a Team  by Susan McManus 219
Prevention of Cervical Cancer in the UK  by Ivan Jelen 225
Laboratory Evaluation of Breast and Cervical Cancers: What is Really needed?  by Karel F. Raška and Abhijeet Chaubal  231

IV. BOOK REVIEWS

New Brazilian Publications about the Czech Reformation and about Comenius by Jaroslav Pánek  239
Václav Klaus a kolektiv, Česká republika na rozcestí - Čas rozhodnutí [The Czech Republic at the Crossroads: Time to decide] by Slavoj Czesaný  243 
Jaroslav Šebek, Papežové moderního věku. Vatikán od Pia IX.  po Františka a jeho vztah k českým zemím [Popes of the modern age.  The Vatican from Pius IX to Francis and its relations with Czech countries] by Jaroslav Pánek.  245


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Subscription inquiries to: Eugene Martin, martineu@rwjms.rutgers.edu
Editorial inquiries to: Francis D. Raška, Editor, raskacomenius@yahoo.com


EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION

Not so long ago, a small group of Czech and American scientists met in New York City and discussed the ways and means through which scientific institutions and universities on both sides of the Atlantic are supported. It was a productive meeting, which led to the idea to establish an independent cultural organization whose aim would be to engage in advocacy in some areas of general interest. Such an organization would bring together scientists and artists, as well as personalities from public life, to address matters of science, education, healthcare, economics, and culture. This marked the beginning of the Comenius Academic Club, the sponsor of this journal.

The first conference of the Comenius Academic Club took place in June 2013 in New York City. The program included a mini-symposium on Jan Amos Komenský (Comenius) and a session on the evaluation and funding of science in the United States and some European countries. The meeting was also used as a venue for the opening of the exhibition “Millennial Heritage of Czech Currency.”

The conference generated a genuine interest on both sides of the Atlantic. Shortly thereafter, the decision was made to establish a multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal devoted to Euro-American civilization. The journal should address both current issues as well as history, which could contribute to a better understanding of the present.

It is a privilege and a great honor for me to introduce the first issue of “Comenius: Journal of Euro-American Civilization.” The editors hope that the journal, which will come out biannually, will not only inform of our similarities and differences, but also that it will contribute to the selection of better options.

In this issue, you will find the content arranged in three sections. Since this is the introductory issue, the first part is devoted to the life and work of the world-famous Czech philosopher, thinker, and educator, Jan Amos Komenský (Comenius), whose name we have borrowed. Jaroslav Pánek of the Czech Academy of Sciences summarizes the legacy of Comenius for humankind. Petr Vorel of the University of Pardubice sheds light on and documents the use of images of Comenius on Czechoslovak and Czech banknotes and Eva Semotanová of the Czech Academy of Sciences leads us into the Comenian world of European geography.

The second part reflects in part the discussion of the evaluation and funding of science at the 2013 Comenius conference. Jiří Málek of the Czech government’s Committee on Research, Development, and Innovation introduces the new system of scientific evaluation in the Czech Republic. Slavoj Czesaný of the Economics University in Prague compares research funding and performance in the Czech Republic with that of other European countries. Juraj Iványi of Kings College London briefly introduces the methodology used by funding bodies in the United Kingdom and John Lehman of East Carolina University, together with Michael Prystowsky of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine describes the evaluation process of biomedical research in the United States.

In the final section of the journal, you will find reviews of three recently published books dealing with civilizational issues that cut across disciplinary boundaries.

It is my hope that you will find this volume informative as well as thought-provoking.

Francis D. Raška
Editor


Advice to contributors

Comenius is devoted primarily to scholarly research in relevant academic disciplines within the humanities, arts, and sciences; memoirs or creative writing may be published in some cases. Ordinarily, manuscripts should be no longer than 25-30 pages. Book reviews should be 500 –700 words in length.

Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word with careful attention to diacritical markings. If available, please use the following font: Times New Roman, 12 point typeface. All portions of the manuscript must be typed and all pages numbered in the page header including the initial page. Book titles and non-English works should appear in italics. Endnotes should be used rather that the “Works cited” format or footnotes. Transliteration of Cyrillic should follow the Library of Congress method. For all additional matters of style, the current edition of the Chicago Manual of Style should be consulted.

Manuscripts should be submitted in English as English is the language of publication. All submissions should be made via e-mail to the addressraskacomenius@yahoo.com.